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Tanker Operations Introduction

  • History of the oil tanker
  • Types of oil and its Characteristics
  • Tanker personnel (duties & responsibilities)
  • Environmental Factors (IMO Tanker safety – preventing accidental pollution)
  • Safety practices onboard (hazard appreciation and precautions)
  • Tanker case histories including: Exon Valdez / Torrey canyon / The Erika
  • Double hull tankers overview including: – Advantages and disadvantages
  • The historical evolution of inert gassing on tankers

Tanker Design and Construction

  • Types (categories) of tankers
  • The construction of tanker types including:Terminology (cargo design and construction information)
  • Tanker design and equipment including the following: Hull arrangement / Cargo tanks layout with pumps and associated equipment / Inert gas system / Cargo tank heating / Inspections (Class etc)

Tanker Stability, Gauging Systems and Operating Systems

  • Stability
  • Ballasting procedures during cargo transfer
  • Emergency ballast controls
  • Tank gauging types and the calculation of the tanks contents
  • Tanker operating systems including: Power and electrical distribution including / engine sub-systems / Emergency power generation / Propulsion systems/ Steam and condensate system / Bilge system / Mooring system

Cargo Operational Checks and Procedures

  • Voyage orders
  • Terminology (cargo operation information)
  • Cargo handling overview including the following: -Exchange of information before berthing / Advice to terminal from the ship before / loading / unloading / Advice to the ship from loading / unloading terminal / Agreed cargo handling and loading and unloading plans / Signal system for loading and unloading control / Terminal safety regulations / Prohibited blending of cargoes
  • Proper handling of cargo hoses
  • Loading procedures (post hose connection)
  • Discharging procedures (post hose connection)
  • Ship to ship transfer
  • Chemical tanker loading overview
  • Vapour balancing considerations
  • Crude oil washing (COW) and procedures
  • Tanker routine checks

Cargo Management Systems and Safety Control Systems

  • Cargo tank purging and/or gas-freeing including tank atmosphere management
  • Safety – Tank entry (and hazards) procedural overview
  • Hazardous areas and (HVAC) ESDs
  • Cargo operation forms
  • Cargo control system
  • Stripping system and the slop tank management
  • Static electricity and its effects
  • Load and stability (computer) management
  • Control of oil discharge and the ODME for ballast water
  • SOPEP
  • Safe operation of tankers

Tanker Fire Safety and Maintenance Systems

  • Active firefighting systems including: Firewater system / – CO2 system / – Water mist system / Foam firefighting systems / Firewater deluge / Accommodation sprinkler systems / Inergen
  • Passive fire protection systems
  • General firefighting equipment
  • Fire and gas systems
  • Planned maintenance systems/ job cards etc

Shuttle Tankers /FSU/MCV Operations

  • Shuttle tankers including: Mooring systems / Equipment / Operations
  • The floating storage unit (FSU)
  • Marine capture vessels (MCV) including: MCVs history / Equipment / Operations

International Codes for Tankers

  • Main Characteristic at Marpol 73 / 78 Annex 2
  • The Oil Companies International Marine Forum (OCIMEF)
  • International Safety Guide for Oil Tankers and Terminals (ISGOTT)
  • The International Maritime Organization (IMO) – Overview

Maritime (Tanker) Law

  • Contracts of carriage for oil cargoes
  • Charter Agreements
  • Legal/history Implications on single/double hulls
  • Oil tankers and Pollution
  • Jurisdictions and tanker safety/construction
  • SOLAS and tanker operations